The Archives preserves and protects rare volumes of journals, text books and other reference materials on leprosy.
The Archives of Nanyang Volunteer Drivers and Mechanics (Nanqiao Jigong) focus on more than 3,000 drivers and mechanics residing in Nanyang (an old Chinese name for Southeast Asia) who provided international material transportation during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
The Anandacandra Stone Inscription provides evidence of the early history of Rakhine from late B.C. to the 8th century A.D.
The Agreements with Native Governments are the only original documents that are evidence of when each of the Ellis Islands submitted to the British Empire.
This documentary heritage, collectively named the “Hanging wooden plaques in Korea” comprises
the hand-carved woodblocks with meaningful letters for hanging at the center of a traditional
building. Letters on the Hanging wooden plaques implicitly reflect moral values of building
owners. The Hanging wooden plaques can be also regarded as the work of art, that convey the
symbolic meaning of the building space by appealing to the viewer’s visual sense.
The 550 Hanging wooden plaques for the nomination of Asia/Pacific Memory of the World
register were individually entrusted to the Advanced Center for Korean Studies (ACKS) by 189
clan families and Confucian academies (seowon). Since these Hanging wooden plaques have
always been exposed to the risk of being damaged or lost by the theft as those should locate
outside buildings, thus the owners of the Hanging wooden plaques Korea were willing to
entrust them to the ACKS to preserve them securely and to conduct systematic research of
Hanging wooden plaques.
The space in where Hanging wooden plaques were posted can be categorized into four types,
according to the purpose of the buildings; residential, memorial, educational and disciplinary.
Hanging wooden plaques of residential buildings were inscribed with ancestors’ moral values,
and those for memorial buildings were to commemorate ancestors’ learning and virtue.
Hanging wooden plaques for educational building were hand-carved with letters of educational
ideology by ancestors and other sages, and those for disciplinary building reflected the
complicated meaning of relaxed taste for the elegance of virtuous scholars (Seonbi) who lived
leisurely and composed lives.
The letters of Hanging wooden plaques demonstrate the purpose of self-discipline on ancestors,
based on their individuality. The letters were made by kings, famous calligraphers, literary people,and virtuous scholars, and the style of caligraphy letters contained the spirituality and values of the time, also the calligraphers’ artistry. The letters also represent the purpose of construction and the usage of buildings.
In conclusion, Hanging wooden plaques were the symbol to demonstrate the Eastern traditional
human-spiritual based on Confucian view of the world with artistic values of calligraphy itself.
The wooden plaques are currently preserved and maintained at the Advanced Center for Korean Studies.
Over the last 700 years, from Thuan Hoa Region (since 1036) to Phu Xuan Capital under the Tay Son dynasty (from 1788 to 1801), the capital of the Nguyen dynasty (from 1802 to 1945), and then Thua Thien Hue today, Hue culture has left a deep impression on Vietnamese culture.
The values of Hue culture are not merely the values of palaces, pavilions, walls and tombs associated with particular natural elements; but also the subtlety and the creativeness in the decorative art; the most original are the decorative styles “one verse, one picture” and “one character, one picture”.They were formed at the same time of the planning and the building of Hue constructions (1802-1945). They were chosen from Nguyen emperors’ famous works, then encrusted, inlaid, carved, enameled or covered in alto-relievo with plaster, porcelain and terra-cotta.
The contents are about confirming the national independence and the sovereignty of the country, reflecting some policies of the court, singing the praises of grass and trees, flowers and leaves, and holding up the poets’ talent.
The art values of verse, character and picture panels are expressed in the form of one verse panel with one picture panel or one character panel with one picture panel creating a unique style of Hue royal architectural decoration. They are art works of high values in the decoration of Hue royal constructions serving as a picture as well as a unique handicraft work which show the talent of the past artisans. In spite of war devastation, natural disasters and the impact of human beings for a long period of time, this original decorative literary type in Hue, the old capital, is still well conserved. In 1993, Hue Monuments Complex was recognized as the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. And right in Hue, a world heritage, contains a rare and unique documentary heritage which creates a particular style of Hue royal architectural decorative art.
The Phuc Giang School woodblocks created by the Nguyen Huy family during their cultural activities between the 18th–20th centuries were used for teaching and learning at Phuc Giang School, Truong Luu village.
The woodblocks represent a selection of books which the Nguyen Huy family’s members compiled and put in writing. They also had them engraved onto woodblocks at specified times and places. Thus, the woodblocks look elaborate, with beautiful calligraphic styles. They contain abundant information on the then Vietnam in many aspects: history, politics, society, ideology, culture, external relations, and the adoption and development of Confucianism. Furthermore, they keep the handwritings of five teachers, writers and poets belonging to three generations of the Nguyen Huy family, together with their seals and family insignias, which testify to their copyright ownership of the documentation.
As documentary heritage, the Phuc Giang School woodblocks show the significance of Confucianism for the Vietnamese royal court, nation and society of the 18th – early 20th centuries, particularly for the training of gifted students. They are the original documentation which attests to the cultural and educational activities of a family in history. Each woodblock itself is a unique work of art. All the Phuc Giang School woodblocks are now kept at the Nguyen Huy family in Truong Luu village, Truong Loc commune, Can Loc district, Ha Tinh province. They are the only and oldest woodblocks on culture, education and Confucian examinations which have ever been preserved to date by a family in Vietnam.
The Collection, predominantly records written in Chinese (with a large portion in Portuguese)
comprises over 3,600 documents created and received by the Procuratura of the Leal Senado
(Office of the Procurator of the Loyal Senate of Macao) in the course of its official business
transaction with the Chinese Authorities from Guangdong from 1693 to 1886.
The Collection testifies to the importance of the port of Macao in serving as a center for the West to meet with the East and for facilitating international interaction and cross-cultural intercourse. It also documents the intensified colonial expansion of the West and the rapid transformation of the Asian societies in its wake, especially in China.
The Collection is a major and perhaps the only original source for the understanding of Qing’s
peculiar “foreign policy” on dealing with the “barbaric” West from its heyday to its decline in the late 19th Century and the unique role of Macao played in this historical process
The “Turkestan collection” is a collection of a variety of printed materials (books, magazines and
newspaper articles, clippings from newspapers and magazines) on diverse topics related to the
history, culture, ethnography, geography, economics, social life and traditions of Turkestan
(historical denomination of Central Asian countries) from early 60s of XIX century to 1939. This
unique collection of materials for Central Asia, consists of 594 volumes, and is currently held in
the collection of the Alisher Navoi National Library of Uzbekistan.
Most of the “Turkestan Collection” (volumes 1 to 416) were prepared in St. Petersburg under the
leadership of Russian bibliographer Vladimir Mezhov from 1867 to 1887. Then, the preparation
of new volumes of the collection was resumed only in 1907 in Tashkent. By 1910, 127 volumes
(from 417 to 543) were issued under the direction of bibliographer Dmitrovtovskiy N.V., and 48
more volumes (from 544 on 591) – in 1911-1916 under the leadership of A.A. Semyonov. The
last three volumes of “Turkestan Collection” (592–594) were made up under the leadership of
bibliographer E.K.Boettger in 1939. In addition, several directories and references to the
materials of the collection were made up at different times.
Moreover, The Space for Attaining Wisdom is the only extant copy of well preserved and yet completes set of wooden print blocks to illustrate best traditions of publishing by Mongolians, the country with rich history and traditions of writing and printing being a nomadic civilization since ancient times. The Government recognized it officially among the most precious historical heritages of the country for its invaluable cultural, religious, scholastic and linguistic importance written in the 18th century to reach our days.