Over the last 700 years, from Thuan Hoa Region (since 1036) to Phu Xuan Capital under the Tay Son dynasty (from 1788 to 1801), the capital of the Nguyen dynasty (from 1802 to 1945), and then Thua Thien Hue today, Hue culture has left a deep impression on Vietnamese culture.
The values of Hue culture are not merely the values of palaces, pavilions, walls and tombs associated with particular natural elements; but also the subtlety and the creativeness in the decorative art; the most original are the decorative styles “one verse, one picture” and “one character, one picture”.They were formed at the same time of the planning and the building of Hue constructions (1802-1945). They were chosen from Nguyen emperors’ famous works, then encrusted, inlaid, carved, enameled or covered in alto-relievo with plaster, porcelain and terra-cotta.
The contents are about confirming the national independence and the sovereignty of the country, reflecting some policies of the court, singing the praises of grass and trees, flowers and leaves, and holding up the poets’ talent.
The art values of verse, character and picture panels are expressed in the form of one verse panel with one picture panel or one character panel with one picture panel creating a unique style of Hue royal architectural decoration. They are art works of high values in the decoration of Hue royal constructions serving as a picture as well as a unique handicraft work which show the talent of the past artisans. In spite of war devastation, natural disasters and the impact of human beings for a long period of time, this original decorative literary type in Hue, the old capital, is still well conserved. In 1993, Hue Monuments Complex was recognized as the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. And right in Hue, a world heritage, contains a rare and unique documentary heritage which creates a particular style of Hue royal architectural decorative art.